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Aim: The aim of this present work was to isolate, characterized, and evaluate the natural plant-based
polysaccharides from the seeds of Mimosa pudica plant which belongs to family Mimosaceae. In pharmaceutical
industries large number of excipients is used which are obtained from natural sources, mucilage is one of
them. Mucilage and their derivatives are a group of polymers extensively used in pharmaceutical dosage
forms. Materials and Methods: The fresh M. pudica seeds were collected from Botanical Garden Greater
Noida India. The plant was authenticated at the pharmacognosy department by a scientist at National Institute
of Science Communication and Information Resources (NISCAIR) Delhi. (Authentication voucher no.
NISCAIR/RHMD/Consult/2019/3437-38) All other chemicals used were of analytical grade, and distilled
water was used throughout the experiments. M. pudica (family Mimosaceae), commonly known as sensitive
plant and widely used as herbal medicine in India, is widely available and has very low cost. It is diffuse
under shrub found widely in the tropical and subtropical parts of India. Seeds of M. pudica yield mucilage,
which is composed of d-xylose and d-glucuronic acid. Mimosa seeds mucilage hydrates and swells rapidly
on coming in contact with water. The present investigation involved isolation of mucilage from M. pudica
seeds commonly known as chhui mui followed by phytochemical and physicochemical evaluation. Results
and Discussion: The mucilage isolated from the seed of M. pudica will be useful as an excipient for oral
drug delivery systems as the results of phytochemical and physicochemical tests indicated the suitability of
mucilage for tablet dosage form as well as a suspending agent for suspension due to its flowability, weakly
acidic pH, swelling potential, and viscous in nature. The present study suggests that isolated mucilage from
the seeds of M. pudica showed good flow properties which is suitable for a direct compression formulation
and is non-irritating in nature to the mucosal membrane.
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