Drug Utilization Pattern among Stroke Patients – A Cross-sectional Insight

Muhammad Shahid Iqbal

Abstract


Objective: This study aimed to evaluate drug utilization pattern among stroke patients. Materials and Methods: A
cross-sectional study was conducted among 96 stroke patients aged from 30 to 92 years in a hospital in Malaysia.
A total of 88 patients were available for descriptive analysis and logistic regression analysis. Descriptive and
logistic regression analyses were performed. Results: On average, patients were aged 67.62 years (standard
deviation of 13.14) and had a higher incidence in Malay ethnicity (42.7%). Ischemic stroke accounts for 91.67%
of the study, with a slightly higher proportion of female patients (51.04%). Majority of stroke patient complaint
generalized body weakness as their major symptom (19.81%). Calcium channel blocker was found to be the most
used antihypertensive agent among stroke patients (40.9%) followed by angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors
(ACEIs) (31.8%). Conclusion: Using logistic regression modeling, it was determined that the factors of a subject
would affect the choice of prescribing of ACEIs and anticoagulant drugs.


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.22377/ajp.v14i4.3826

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