Development of natural gum based fast disintegrating tablets of glipizide

Antesh Kumar Jha, Dipak Chetia

Abstract


Dysphagia and risk of choking are leading causes of patient non‐compliance in the self‐administration of conventional tablets.To overcome these limitations of conventional tablets fast‐disintegrating tablets were developed, using natural gums.Natural gums were evaluated for bulk swelling capacity. Powder mix containing natural gums and glipizide was evaluated for water sorption, swelling index and capillary action. For faster onset and immediate hypoglycemic action, the fast disintegrating tablets were prepared with various types of natural gums using the direct compression technique. Formulations containing guar
gum disintegrated within a minute and fulfilled the official requirements for dispersible tablets. As the amount of guar gum increased, the friability increased and hardness decreased, resulting in a shorter wetting and disintegration time. Gum acacia and gum tragacanth did the opposite.The glipizide‐loaded fast disintegrating tablet prepared with 18 mg of guar gum gave a friability
of 0.46 ± 0.02%, content uniformity of 99.34 ± 0.82%, drug content of 99.15 ± 1.16%, wetting time of 39.0 ± 1.04 sec, hardness of 5.70 ± 1.41 Kg and disintegration time less than 30 sec, suggesting that it was a practical product with a good tablet property. In conclusion, natural gum based patient‐friendly fast disintegrating tablets of glipizide can be successfully formulated.


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.22377/ajp.v6i4.47

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