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Introduction: Depression is a commonly occurring mental disorder distinguished by sadness, lack of interest,
or pleasure in daily activities. Agomelatine is used in the treatment of depression but suffers short half-life and
low oral bioavailability. The current research work aims to control the release of drug for longer duration by
preparing agomelatine-loaded mesoporous silica nanoparticles incorporated into polymeric microparticles for the
treatment of depression. Materials and Methods: Box-Behnken design was used to optimize agomelatine-loaded
mesoporous silica nanoparticles prepared by sol-gel method. The drug loading was done by solvent impregnation
method. The effect of independent variable such as tetraethyl orthosilicate, CTAB, and NaOH 2 M was analyzed
on dependent variable. Double emulsification solvent evaporation was used to incorporate agomelatine-loaded
mesoporous silica nanoparticles into ethyl cellulose polymeric microparticles. Results and Discussion: The
optimized mesoporous silica nanoparticles showed mean particle size of 166.7 nm, 0.367 PDI, 43.3mV zeta
potential, and 78.03% entrapment efficiency. Optimized mesoporous silica nanoparticles were evaluated for
FE-SEM, DSC, and XRD. The polymeric microparticles were evaluated for particle size, microscopic evaluation,
and in vitro drug release. The polymeric microparticles showed 16% initial burst release followed by a continuous
release pattern for 10 h and exhibited Higuchi model with a regression coefficient(R2) of 0.9287. Conclusion:
The formulated polymeric microparticles containing agomelatine-loaded mesoporous silica nanoparticles helped
to improve the oral bioavailability of the drug and controlled its release rate, which lowers the frequency of dose
and is beneficial for the long-term treatment in case of depression.
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