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Background: The demand for tomato is increasing day by day mostly because of the increased per capita fresh
fruit consumption. Nonetheless, as a perishable fruit crop, it has relatively short life after ripening thus experiences
remarkable post-harvest losses. Aims: Our approach in this study is to evaluate the consistency and purity of seeds
that are developed to control pest resistance. Methods: Touchdown polymerase chain reaction (TD-PCR) and
Fourier transform infrared studies are used to test seed genetic purity of three commercial hybrid tomato seeds
PHS165, HYVEG, and CYGNUS varieties. TD-PCR is a sensitive and specific method and can be used to detect
even low levels of genetic impurities. Results: Amplicon of 550bp toward Cry2abresistant gene was found in
CYGNUS and HYVEG varieties. Results might suggest that these commercial hybrid tomato seeds may contain
genetic material from Bacillus thuringiensis that confers resistance to Cry2ab toxin. Conclusion: In the present
study, the purity of tomato hybrid was assessed by both PCR-based and analytical methods-based screening of
commercial tomato hybrids. Further testing and analysis may be necessary to confirm the presence and origin of
the Cry2ab-resistant gene in these commercial hybrid tomato seeds and to determine the potential impact on crop
yield and pest management strategies.
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