Encapsulation of bio active compound ursolic acid as proniosomes and its evaluation

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Munish Garg
Parul Garg


In the present study, novel proniosomal gel of ursolic acid was prepared by encapsulation of the drug in a mixture of span 60,
cholesterol and alcohol by coacervation phase separation method to overcome the bioavailability problem of this potential
biologically active compound. The formulated system was characterized for size, drug entrapment, in‑vitro drug release studies and in‑vivo anti‑inflammatory effect through animal model. In‑vitro release data of ursolic acid from proniosomal gel revealed a time dependent near linear relationship. Entrapment efficiency of the formulated gel was found > 90% and total % cumulative release of ursolic acid satisfactory as 60.8% after 24 h. Release pattern was also found almost constant. In‑vivo evaluation revealed that the developed formulation exhibited significant anti‑inflammatory value (P < 0.05) in carrageenan induced rat paw edema model and was found quite comparable with the standard diclofenac gel (voveran gel) in terms of % inhibition of edema.
Key words: Non‑steroidal anti‑inflammatory drugs, proniosomes, topical drug delivery, ursolic acid


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Garg, M., & Garg, P. (2014). Encapsulation of bio active compound ursolic acid as proniosomes and its evaluation. Asian Journal of Pharmaceutics (AJP), 7(4). https://doi.org/10.22377/ajp.v7i4.337


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