Dichlorvos‐induced oxidative stress in rat brain: Protective effects of the ethanolic extract of Alstonia boonei stem bark

Mr. Oluwafemi Adeleke Ojo

Abstract


Organophosphorous pesticides, commonly used in agriculture for achieving better‐quality products, are toxic substances
that have harmful effects on human health. Recent research on pesticides, especially pesticide mixtures, has shown that
they are one of the key environmental health issues. The aim of the present study was to investigate the protective effects of
Alstonia boonei ethanolic extract in dichlorvos‐induced neurotoxicity in Wistar rats. Dichlorvos (50 mg/kg body weight) was orally administered in Wistar rats for 14 days followed by the treatment of Alstonia boonei (200 and 400 mg/kg body weight)
for 14 days. The activities of lipid peroxidation (LPO), reduced glutathione (GSH) and activities of antioxidant enzymes
such as superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT), glutathione peroxidase (GPx), alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST) level were measured to evaluate the toxicity of these pesticides in the brain. Histological examinations of the brain were monitored. Under the influence of dichlorvos, there was significant decrease in the activities of SOD, CAT, GPx, GSH, ALT and AST and significant increase in malondialdehyde. Alstonia boonei showed a significant brain‐protective effect by decreasing the level of lipid peroxidation and elevating the activities of antioxidative enzymes and the level of GSH. Furthermore, histological alterations in the brain were observed in dichlorvos‐untreated rats and were ameliorated in dichlorvos‐induced treated rats with Alstonia boonei. The observations presented lead us to conclude the harmful effects of dichlorovos during the exposure and the protective role of Alstonia boonei in minimizing these effects.


Key words: Alstonia boonei, brain, dichlorvos, lipid peroxidation, organophosphate, oxidative stress, reactive oxygen species


Full Text:

PDF


DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.22377/ajp.v8i4.445

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.